Some brief information
to the island of Ruegen
Ruegen is the largest area and with around 77,000 inhabitants also the most populous German island. It lies on the Baltic coast of Western Pomerania and belongs to the district of Western Pomerania-Ruegen in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The "gateway" to the island of Ruegen is the Hanseatic city of Stralsund, Ruegen is connected to the mainland by the Ruegen dam and Ruegen bridge over the two kilometer wide Strelasund. The island has an area of 926 km², a maximum length of 52 km (from south to north) and a maximum width of 41 km in the south. Due to the ice age, Ruegen is very rich in hills and water, the beaches and white chalk cliffs of the island are known, including the Koenigsstuhl on the Jasmund peninsula. On the rock there is a viewing platform and a visitor center with exhibitions on the nature of Ruegen. The Koenigsstuhl belongs to the Jasmund National Park, where you can find original beech forests and the sea eagle. The coast is divided by numerous sea bays and lagoons (Bodden and Wieke) as well as protruding peninsulas and headlands. In June 2011, UNESCO gave the Jasmund National Park on the island of Ruegen, known for its enormous beech trees and white chalk cliffs, the status of a World Natural Heritage.
The central capital of Bergen, the port city of Sassnitz, the princely residence Putbus, the country town of Garz and the seaside resorts of Binz, Sellin, Goehren, Baabe, Thiessow, Breege and Altefaehr are located on Ruegen. Ruegen is a popular holiday destination, above all thanks to its diverse landscape and nature, the thatched and spa architecture with many architectural monuments, the growing number of guests and culture as well as the long, fine sandy beaches. The island recorded a good 6 million overnight stays in 2014, slightly less than the German island record holder Sylt. The traffic situation on Ruegen is considered problematic for residents and holidaymakers, especially due to frequent traffic jams and the lack of alternatives such as bus, train, ferry and flight connections
The Latin and historical name of the island of Ruegen is Rugia. The adjective for things related to the island is Ruegen, also Rueganisch or Ruegener. The islanders are called Ruegener or Rueganer.